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Mazda CD Cosmo / Rx-5 History Worldwide

Summary information for rotary-powered vehicles.

Moderators: KillerRx4, orx626

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rotaRRacing
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Mazda CD Cosmo / Rx-5 History Worldwide

#1 Post by rotaRRacing » Wed Nov 22, 2006 10:05 pm

Project Codename - X208A

Chief Project Engineer - Yoshiou Mizobuchi

Marketed as Mazda Cosmo / Mazda Cosmo L / Mazda Rx-5 / Mazda 121 / Mazda 121L

Series I - 1975 - 1978

Body Styles Available - 2 door Coupe and 2 door Landau

First Shown - 1975 Frankfurt Motor Show

Market Release Information and Standard List Pricing

Australia

Rx-5 Coupe (13B) - July 1976 (Some cars complianced June 1976) to June 1979
1976 Manual $7900, 1978 Manual $8860

121 Coupe (1.8Lt) - March 1976? to ?

121L Landau (2.0Lt) - April 1978 to 1980

Japan

Cosmo Coupe - 1975 to
1978 Coupe approximate standard pricing -
1800 Custom Special 1,055,000yen
1800 Custom 1,190,000yen
1800 Super Custom 1,355,000yen
2000 Custom 1,280,000yen
2000 Super Custom 1,420,000yen
12A Custom Special 1,200,000yen
12A Custom 1,33,000yen
12A Super Custom 1,538,000yen
13B Limited 1,795,000yen

Cosmo L Landau - July 1977 to
1978 Landau approximate standard pricing
2000 Custom Special 1,205,000yen
2000 Custom 1,340,000yen
2000 Super Custom 1,480,000yen
12A Custom Special 1,285,000yen
12A Custom 1,415,000yen
12A Super Custom 1,590,000yen
13B Limited 1,855,000yen

New Zealand

RX5 Coupe - February 1977 to February 1979
1977 manual $13200, Auto $15500
1979 Auto $20163

121 Coupe - February 1977 to October 1978
1977 Manual $10525, Auto $11000
1978 Manual $12546

Worldwide Production Figures (Rotary Engine Vehicles)

1975 - 12,014
1976 - 43,792
1977 - 25,273
1978 - 1,561

S1 Coupe Body Identification

Twin round headlights, Vertical thin slotted chrome grille, Rounded chrome bumpers (optional bumper overrides), Horizontal L shaped rear tailights.

S1 Landau Body Identification

Twin round headlights, Vertical thin slotted chrome grille, Rounded chrome bumpers (optional bumper overrides - different design), Rectangular tailights.
ImageImage

Australian Market Release Body Differences

Coupe 13B Rotary Engine -
Rx-5 - Rx-5 Front guard badging, Rear small "Rotary Engine" badge, Alloy wheels, REAPS muffler.
Coupe 1.8LT Piston Engine -
121 - 121 Front guard badging, Steel wheels, CEAPS muffler.
Landau 2LT Piston Engine (Rotary Engine model never released in Australia) -
121L - 121L Front guard badging, Steel Wheels.

Engine Variants all models (averages)

13B - 9.4 comp ratio (120-135HP) - Chassis CD23C - Coupe & Landau
13B - 9.2 comp ratio (110-115HP) - Chassis CD23C - Coupe
12A - 9.4 comp ratio (125PS JDM) - Chassis CD22C - Coupe & Landau
1.8LT 4 cyl - 8.6 comp ratio (100PS JDM) - Chassis CD2VC - Coupe & Landau
2.0LT 4 cyl - Chassis CD3MC - Coupe & Landau

Dimensions

Wheelbase - 2510mm
Front Track - 1380mm
Rear Track - 1370mm
Length - 4475mm (4545mm with bumper overrides)
Width - 1685mm

Weight Range

1140kg to 1220kg (Depending on Market, Body, Engine and Specification)

S1 JDM 13B Landau - 1195/1200 kg
S1 JDM 12A Landau - 1155/1160/1165kg
S1 Australian 2L Landau - 1155kg/1160kg
S1 Australian 13B Rx-5 - 1205kg
S1 Export 12A Rx-5 - 1145kg

Gearbox Ratios Available

4 Spd Manual - 3.403, 2.005, 1.373, 1.000. Rev 3.665 (JDM 1.8LT)
4 Spd Manual - 3.683, 2.263, 1.397, 1.000. Rev 3.692 (JDM 12A)
5 Spd Manual - 3.403, 1.925, 1.373, 1.000, 0.854. Rev 3.665 (Export 2LT)
5 Spd Manual - 3.380, 2.077, 1.390, 1.000, 0.841. Rev 3.389 (JDM 13B, Export 1.8LT)
5 Spd Manual - 3.683, 2.263, 1.397, 1.000, 0.862. Rev 3.692 (JDM 12A, Export 13B)
5 Spd Manual TQX -
3 Spd Auto - 2.458, 1.458, 1.000. Rev 2.181 (All models)

Final Drive Ratios Available (depending on market)

3.636 - 13B - exclusive to 13B model - not interchangeable.
3.909 - 12A
4.100 - 1.8LT
3.727 - 12A & 2LT

Wheels

14x5.5" Steel or Optional Alloys (2 styles of Alloys available)

Performance Figures (claimed)
*JDM Engines have different HP ratings and driveline ratios compared to most export markets.

13B Cosmo GT Limited Manual 15.9 sec 1/4 Mile
13B Cosmo GT Limited Auto 17.7 sec 1/4 Mile
12A Cosmo Manual 16.3 sec 1/4 Mile
12A Cosmo Auto 18.1 sec 1/4 Mile

Coupe Options (depending on market)

External Colours - Ascot Brown (met) Y1, Cygnus Silver (met) K1, Sunrise Red (C) RH, Beech Green (Met) F9, Impulse Blue (Met) AY, Yolk Yellow YQ, Sunbeam Silver (A)(Met) K3, Sunbeam Silver (B) 1978 cars, Pulser Blue (Met) A2, Onyx Brown (Met) N2, Auroa White WN.
Interior Colours- Black Vinyl, White Velour, Green Velour, Burgundy Velour, Dk Blue Velour.

Interior Options - Air Conditioning, Front Power Mirrors, Power Windows, AM/FM Radio, 8 Track Cartidge Player or Cassette Tape Player, Electric Boot Release.
ImageImageImageImage

Landau Options (depending on market)
External Colours - Ascot Brown (met) Y1, Cygnus Silver (met) K1, Sunrise Red (C) RH, Beech Green (Met) F9, Impulse Blue (Met) AY, Yolk Yellow YQ, Sunbeam Silver (A)(Met) K3, Sunbeam Silver (B) 1978 cars, Pulser Blue (Met) A2, Onyx Brown (Met) N2, Auroa White WN.
Interior Colours- Black Vinyl, White Velour, Green Velour, Burgundy Velour, Dk Blue Velour.

Racing History
1976 Daytona 24hr - Z&W Mazda RX-5. 1st in class, 18th overall (72 entries), Stock Engine.


1977 ETCC - Smith Kendon Travel Sweets Mazda RX-5, Driven by John Markey (GB) & David Palmer (GB) approx 300HP. Division 4 Group 1B.
Results - Rnd 5 Brno (No.15) - Qualify 13th, DNF (accident). Rnd 7 Zandvoort (No.16) - 4th in class, 15th overall. Rnd 8 Silverstone - 3rd in class, 7th overall.
ImageImageImage

1978 Brno - Entered by John Markey & David Palmer - Did not race.

1979 Brands Hatch 500km
Race Distance 120 laps - 504.84km
Distance Completed - 1st 120 laps, 2nd 116 laps, 3rd 115 laps, 4th 112 laps.
Mazda RX-5 - Finished 106 laps (3rd in class)
7th Overall - Driven by John Markey (GB) & David Palmer (GB)

1979 Tourist Tropy Silverstone Circuit????????
Mazda RX-5 - Cresswell & Williams - 20th, 18 laps.



Misc Information - Australian Models Rx-5 & 121
2 different Coupe tailight moldings
Underbody Exhaust Heat shielding on Rotary Engine models
Fuel pump cover on left rear corner on Rotary Engine models
3 different door trim designs
Clear or opaque interior light cover
Power mirrors switch casing fitted to some cars (non operational)
Rear parcel shelf - Speaker covers optional (not factory fitment to all cars)
Windscreen washers - Plastic clip type or metal single tube type
2 different centre console layouts - differing positions for power window dummy covers
Metal wheel arch trim option (1 car confirmed - dealer fitted?)




Series II - 1979 - 1981

Body Styles Available - 2 door Coupe and 2 door Landau

First Shown - Tokyo Motor Show

Domestic Japanese Market Only

Market Release Information and Standard List Pricing

Coupe - 1979 - 1981
1981 approximate standard pricing
2000 ST 1,218,000yen
2000 SG 1,353,000yen
2000 SGX 1,533,000yen
13B GT 1,498,000yen
13B SE-GT 1,648,000yen
13B SE-Limited 1,848,000yen

Landau - 1979 - 1981
1981 approximate standard pricing
2000 SG 1,413,000yen
2000 SGX 1,648,000yen
13B SE-GT 1,763,000yen
13B SE-Limited 1,908,000yen

Production Figures (Rotary Engine Vehicles)

1979 - 5,896
1980 - 1,108
1981 - 2,785

S2 Coupe Body Identification

Large rectangular headlights, Black cross hatched grille with chrome surround, Squared chrome bumpers with black rub strip & overrrides, Rectangular rear tailights.
Image

S2 Landau Body Identification

Large rectangular headlights, Black cross hatched grille with chrome surround, Squared chrome bumpers with black rub strip & overrides, Rectangular rear tailights.

Engine Variantsall models

13B - 9.4 comp ratio (140PS JDM) - Chassis CD23C - Coupe & Landau
2LT - 8.6 comp ratio (110PS JDM) - Chassis CD3MC - Coupe & Landau

Dimensions

Wheelbase - 2510mm
Front Track - 1380mm
Rear Track - 1370mm
Length - 4625mm (Landau) 4630mm (Coupe)
Width - 1685mm

Weight Range

1375kg to 1445kg (Depending on Body Type and Engine)

Gearbox Ratios

5 Spd Manual - 3.403, 1.925, 1.373, 1.000, 0.854. Rev 3.665 (2LT)
5 Spd Manual - 3.380, 2.077, 1.390, 1.000, 0.841. Rev 3.389 (13B)
5 Spd Manual TQX -
3 Spd Auto - 2.458, 1.458, 1.000. Rev 2.181 (All models)

Final Drive Ratios Available

3.909 - 2LT
3.727 - 13B

Wheels

14x5.5" Steel or Optional Alloys (Additonal different alloys available on Limited Edition 25th Anniversary model)

Coupe Options

External Colours -
Interior Colours - Tan, Cream Vinyl/Cream Cloth, Brown, Dk Grey Trim/Black Cloth, White Leather
Interior Options -

Landau Options

External Colours -
Interior Colours -

CD Rx-5 and Cosmo Links
MAZDA COSMO CENTRAL
Mazda Cosmo
CarNet Japan Cosmo
ETCC 1977 Season
Last edited by rotaRRacing on Mon Mar 23, 2009 4:47 pm, edited 31 times in total.



rxsumo
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Re: Mazda CD Cosmo / Rx-5 History Worldwide

#2 Post by rxsumo » Thu Nov 23, 2006 7:15 am

rotaRRacing wrote:Yes the Rx5 is first as it saved Mazda from going under.

ah...everything that I have read indicates the the saviour of Mazda was in fact the sales of the GLC in America. GLC=323

The RX5/121 was the Mazda designed for the Americans (probably to try and bail the company out), however the sales basically flopped in the States, as the styling was too American for them, and so-so perfomance when compared with similar American cars like the V8 Monzas and Mustangs.

However in Japan, it was a large seller (probably because of it's styling), and it may have bailed Mazda's domestic sales out especially if they were trying to flog rotary powered cars.



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Re: Mazda CD Cosmo / Rx-5 History Worldwide

#3 Post by rotaRRacing » Thu Nov 23, 2006 9:24 pm

both would be correct i presume. the GLC was the start of a new era in a different period of mazda vehicles and became a volume seller but would probably not have had the profit margins of the cosmo/Rx5 which remember was released back in '75, the RWD GLC was a few years later. in the year of it's release the JDM cosmo actually put mazda back in the black briefly after bleeding for so long due to their commitment to the rotary engine and it's ongoing costs to improve. there are many articles relating to this issue and why mazda was going under. the style wasn't appreciated in the states as much as mazda would have liked (not all magazines in the USA were savage to it as commonly portrayed) but it's performance in a lot of OS markets was choked due to more extreme emission laws coming in and the fact that they received a lower HP engine to start of with, if all other markets received the top spec LIMITED as standard instead of the lower spec 13B cars it probably would have evolved into a different story for this vehicle.
Last edited by rotaRRacing on Sun May 11, 2008 9:48 pm, edited 2 times in total.



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#4 Post by diabolical1 » Fri Nov 24, 2006 8:33 am

great info. can't wait for the pics and brochures ...


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#5 Post by Spac » Fri Nov 24, 2006 9:00 am

FWIW, I've seen a lot more 121s with early complaince dates than RX-5s (remembering the usual disclaimer about compliance plates being stamped by the dealer, sometimes when the cars arrived at the dealership, sometimes on the day they were sold).

Earliest dated 121 I've seen was 3/76 (one only), earliest RX-5 date was 6/76 (two cars). Probably seen half a dozen 121s with complaince daes befroe 7/76.



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#6 Post by rotaRRacing » Fri Nov 24, 2006 4:42 pm

thanks spac. any info passed on will be updated in the post until i get it right. i have started scanning all my brochures (ala sim rx3) and will post up in a couple of weeks. also still waiting on some jap translation to come through for me also which will fill in a quite an amount of empty space.



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Re: Mazda CD Cosmo / Rx-5 History Worldwide

#7 Post by rxsumo » Fri Nov 24, 2006 6:33 pm

rotaRRacing wrote:both would be correct i presume. the GLC was the start of a new era in a diffferent period of mazda vehicles and became a volume seller but would probably not have had the profit margins of the cosmo/Rx5 which remember was released back in '75, the RWD GLC was a few years later. in the year of it's release the JDM cosmo actually put mazda back in the black briefly.
The GLC wasnt the start of a new era, it was the change in fortunes in the US for Mazda. The styling cues seen in the RX5 are seen in the 323/GLC and the 626...things like the change in logo's and the grille.
The move away from the Rotaries had started with the Miser/808
The RX5/121 would have been a dearer car to produce than the GLC, as while the RX5 was shared a few parts with the RX4, the GLC was really nothing more than a tarted up 808/RX3 with new clothes.

For the NZ stats on the 121/RX5
RX5 first imported Feb '77 last imported Feb '79
Original Price for a manual $13200, auto $15500
Last price was only for the auto at $20163

121 was first imported Feb '77 and last imported Oct '78
First priced at $10525 for the manual, $11000 for the auto
Last sold at $12546, manual only



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Re: Mazda CD Cosmo / Rx-5 History Worldwide

#8 Post by rotaRRacing » Mon Nov 27, 2006 5:52 pm

rxsumo wrote:The GLC wasnt the start of a new era, it was the change in fortunes in the US for Mazda. The styling cues seen in the RX5 are seen in the 323/GLC and the 626...things like the change in logo's and the grille.
The move away from the Rotaries had started with the Miser/808
The RX5/121 would have been a dearer car to produce than the GLC, as while the RX5 was shared a few parts with the RX4, the GLC was really nothing more than a tarted up 808/RX3 with new clothes.
hey i thought i did state briefly "back in the black" back in '75 due to JDM sales! the FWD GLC was the money spinner worldwide. i thought the mizer was simply a stop gap measure? due to the economy race and not having a sub-compact available, whack the smallest engine you have in the smallest car available at the time. this eventually resulted in the "rebody" resulting in the first GLC? this move to economy, size and space efficiency to me would be the start of a new era (or transititon if you prefer) as it resulted in the FWD generation that came out of this rethink? the Rx5 had the same concept you mention with the GLC, when the project started rather than a new car from scratch it was just a rebodied Rx4 (almost identical by S3 time) of course these would have been dearer to produce but they also sold for a lot more, i was talking about profit margins as compare to cost and the volume they sold in japan would have made the difference. another nail for the failure in the states was the selling prices mazda structured, as you are probably well aware of going by the NZ prices you stated :shock: in the states it put it into a class it couldn't compete in as there were a lot of smaller V8 engined US vehicles with better economy etc that were a lot cheaper. slow - only OS, heavy - maybe for it's day, value for money - no chance. mazda was greedy but thankfully they weren't with the initial pricing of the Rx7. got any other NZ info on variations to the australian release cars?



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#9 Post by rotary lover » Mon Nov 27, 2006 7:35 pm

The following is Colours that these cars came.
Ascot Brown[met]codeY1;Cygnus Silver[met] K1;Sunrise Red [C] RH;Beech Green[Met] F9;Impulse Blue[Met] AY;Yolk Yellow YQ;Sunbeam Silver [A][Met] K3;Sunbeam Silver 1978 cars;Pulser Blue[Met] A2;Onyx Brown[Met]N2;Auroa WhiteWN;From my memory these were the most common colours.There are others if someone has a colour they are not sure of.



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#10 Post by rotaRRacing » Wed Dec 06, 2006 10:24 pm

more info added. if you have anything else to add or corrections please pm me!



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#11 Post by CRO-13B » Thu Dec 07, 2006 9:18 am

rotaRRacing wrote:more info added. if you have anything else to add or corrections please pm me!
YEAH RX-5's are SHIT!




just kidding! i dont mind them and its good to see a post like this on your not so typical RX-3. All mazdas are in a class of their own and all deserve respect.

keep up the good work :wink:



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#12 Post by baltsiotis » Thu Dec 07, 2006 6:57 pm

I have the impression that in Europe the only countries were selling well, according to the then mazda sales in Europe, were [W.} Germany and Austria. But anyhow in countries like Franc etc only the 121 were imported.
If you want I can scan for you some things from european magazines of that era.



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#13 Post by magnusrx7 » Sun Dec 31, 2006 7:51 am

There were 54 Rx5 with owners in Sweden last time I checked.
How many of these that are still running is hard to say but I think 10-15.

As usual the best onec have been sold to Norway.

//Magnus


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#14 Post by rotaRRacing » Wed Jan 03, 2007 4:19 pm

magnus, if you have any swedish/norweigan other european sales history or options that were or were not available over there let me know and i will add them to the list. i am in the process of scanning a heap more pics and will get them up after our newborn baby girl gives me some free time...........



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#15 Post by baltsiotis » Thu Jan 04, 2007 7:44 pm

Some information can be gathered at "mazdaclassics" site's forum (Netherlands). There is an RX5 in very good condition adverdised at "mobile.de" for 9.900 euros (~16.000 AUD). You can search in English also ("Mazda RX5 coupe"). I noticed also a 1974 929 coupe for 13.000 euros. I think these prices are just wishfull thinkings of the sellers, even half these prices might be a surprise.



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